Marc Chagall (1887-1985), French painter, draughtsman, printmaker, designer, sculptor, ceramicist and writer of Belarussian birth. Born in Vitebsk [now Viciebsk], Belarus', in 1887. Died in Saint-Paul-de-Vence, Alpes-Maritimes in 1985. A prolific artist, Chagall excelled in the European tradition of subject painting and distinguished himself as an expressive colourist. His work is noted for its consistent use of folkloric imagery and its sweetness of colour, and it is characterized by a style that, although developed in the years before World War I, underwent little progression throughout his long career. Though he preferred to be known as a Belarussian artist, following his exile from the Soviet Union in 1923 he was recognized as a major figure of the Ecole de Paris, especially in the later 192s and the 193s. In his last years he was regarded as a leading artist in stained glass.